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Gaithersburg's Destructive Drive Toward Annexing Sears

Rockville Councilmember Tom Moore warns that if Gaithersburg votes Monday night to annex the Sears property, it could permanently shatter its relationship with the City of Rockville.

Tomorrow night, Gaithersburg's elected officials – Mayor Sidney Katz, Vice President Ryan Spiegel, and Councilmembers Jud Ashman, Cathy Drzyzgula, Henry Marraffa, and Mike Sesma – are preparing to to wreak serious, unnecessary, and perhaps permanent damage upon the relationship between their city and the City of Rockville.

They are voting Monday night, Aug. 6, on whether to annex to Gaithersburg 28 acres of property on the Rockville side of Shady Grove Road. The City of Rockville has attempted to block this move in a variety of ways without success.

Maryland gives unusually strong powers to municipalities that want to annex property. There is nothing the City of Rockville, Montgomery County, or the State of Maryland can do to stop this process, and time is short.

All that can be done at this point is to appeal to the propriety of Gaithersburg's leaders and to make sure that Sid, Ryan, Jud, Cathy, Henry, and Mike understand just how much their proposed action has disappointed and angered Rockville's leadership – and just how much it will damage the relationship between their city and the City of Rockville. Not might damage, or could damage, but will damage the relationship.  Those of us on the Rockville side who thought we had solid personal relationships with members of Gaithersburg's Mayor and Council feel quite personally burned.

To put it simply, Gaithersburg is betraying its friend and neighbor. Rockville's leaders consider this proposed annexation to be a deeply threatening move against our vitally important long-term interests. The City of Rockville will have to think long and hard about how and whether it can work with the City of Gaithersburg in the future. I find it difficult to believe that the taxes Gaithersburg will gain from this parcel will be worth it.

To annex this property, Gaithersburg is violating the formal agreement it has had in place with the City of Rockville for over twenty years, and violating the informal understanding that has been in place for far longer than that. Shady Grove Road has always been considered the natural boundary between the two municipalities – a line reinforced by the relatively recent addition of Interstate 370 snaking between them.

Perhaps the best indication of where everyone understood the border to be is the "Welcome to Gaithersburg" sign that adorns the south side of the I-370 bridge as it crosses Rockville Pike.

For a city to annex a parcel, it has to be contiguous to the city in some way. The Sears property doesn't come close to touching Gaithersburg at the moment. Gaithersburg aims to connect to the parcel by annexing right of way down Rockville Pike, right past the welcome sign, hanging a turn onto Shady Grove Road, and proceeding until it touches the Sears property on the Rockville side of the road. It's a perfectly legal maneuver, but it's exactly the kind of thing that friends do not do to each other.

That Gaithersburg's path to this property runs right past the city's own welcome sign is a telling sign that this property should be Rockville's.

Rockville's leadership responded too slowly to this threat, and I take full responsibility for my part in that. Looking back, I think that we were slow to recognize this threat for what it was because we simply couldn't believe that Gaithersburg would strike against Rockville's interests so brazenly.

Gaithersburg Mayor Sidney Katz told something amazing, and, I think, very revealing the other day. The two cities have had a "memorandum of understanding" (MOU) (found here) in place since 1992 that governs how the cities will confer with each other when approaching issues like this.

Gaithersburg appears to believe all its obligations to behave honorably toward its neighboring city expired with the agreement late last month:

"By not voting to annex the property until after its expiration, Gaithersburg did not violate the memorandum, Katz said."

This is absolutely outrageous. All of this was timed to happen two weeks after Gaithersburg believed a 20-year agreement expired?  Who does that?  No one I want to do business with.  Does Gaithersburg intend to stab its neighbors in the back the very first moment they think they can get away with it in every instance, or just this one?  What else should Rockville be preparing for?

Plus, Gaithersburg did indeed violate the memorandum. Provision 5 reads:

5. The City Councils, the County Council, the Executive, and the Montgomery County Planning Board agree to work on a cooperative basis in the development of plans and programs, including development districts, that affect parcels within the urban growth areas. Changes in land use, staging, or zoning proposals for parcels within the urban growth area will only be undertaken after the participation and consultation of the other parties. Any land annexed by Gaithersburg or Rockville should include a staging component in the annexation agreement.

Needless to say, when Gaithersburg embarked upon its plan to annex this land (and change its zoning), it utterly failed to consult or participate with the other parties to the MOU. A final vote on an annexation is not when the matter is "undertaken" – this has been in the works for months if not longer.

Moreover, the memorandum of understanding simply did not expire on July 23, 2012, as Gaithersburg seems to believe. While Provision 1 of the MOU mentions a "twenty-year planning horizon" with which the parties to the agreement were working, and the agreement was indeed signed on July 23, 1992, it does not suggest that the "planning horizon" is an expiration date.  The MOU is not limited to twenty years. Provision 9 makes this crystal-clear:

9. The principles contained within this Memorandum are meant to apply to all future actions pertaining to land in the Cities or on or near the Cities' borders.

All future actions. All of them, until the parties to the Agreement together agree to do something else, which we have not done.

Since Rockville belatedly sprang into action on this, we have pursued four paths simultaneously:

1. Change Sears' mind on applying to Gaithersburg. We met with Sears' attorneys and put our best case forward, but Sears decided to stay the course it started when Gaithersburg approached the company and offered annexation.
2. Look to Montgomery County to change the zoning. Sears was not interested in this option, which would have taken too long.
3. Block Gaithersburg's annexation via our own annexation of Shady Grove Road itself. We made a valiant attempt to draw a line between the cities here, but we have not been able to catch up to Gaithersburg's procedural schedule.

That leaves us one last chance at this stage:

4. See if we can persuade Gaithersburg's leaders to change their minds.

Rockville's Mayor and Council have been in touch with Gaithersburg's leaders formally and informally, asking them to change course. So far, they have declined to do so.

I cannot emphasize enough how aggressive Rockville considers Gaithersburg's move to be, and how much it shatters the trust the cities have built for decades. Gaithersburg's proposed annexation endangers the long-term future and shape of the City of Rockville. Threats to a city do not get more elemental than this.

Sid, Ryan, Jud, Cathy, Henry, and Mike: You still have the opportunity to avoid making this mistake. Please consider your actions very carefully here. Our cities have worked exceptionally well together at times over the years, and competed honorably for residents and businesses at other times. Please do not bring this productive period to an ugly close. Both cities deserve better.

Until you vote Monday night, you still have time to do the right thing. I urge you to do so.

Tom Moore
Rockville City Council

A version of this article was published here: http://councilmembermoore.org/?p=57

This post is contributed by a community member. The views expressed in this blog are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Patch Media Corporation. Everyone is welcome to submit a post to Patch. If you'd like to post a blog, go here to get started.

BeyondDC August 06, 2012 at 03:02 PM
Sorry, but the statement that Shady Grove Rd has always been the unofficial boundary is simply not true. Every incorporated city in Maryland is required by state law to adopt a plan that designates "Maximum Expansion Limits," for exactly this reason. Rockville and Gaithersburg have both had MEL plans for years, and Rockville never made any claim to the land in question until after Gaithersburg. Gaithersburg's plan is <a href="http://www.gaithersburgmd.gov/Documents/masterplan/Municipal_Growth_Element_adopt_040609.pdf">here</a>, and Rockville's is <a href="http://www.rockvillemd.gov/masterplan/elements/MunicipalGrowth121310.pdf">here</a>. To make it super easy, here are the MEL maps from each plan: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/beyonddc/7725701604/in/photostream">Gaithersburg</a>, <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/beyonddc/7725701810/in/photostream/">Rockville</a>. For the record, Gaithersburg's plan was most recently amended in 2009, and Rockville's in 2010. As you can see, Rockville never made any claim to the land in question until after Gaithersburg expressed interest in it. If Rockville thought everything south of Shady Grove Rd belonged to them, the proper thing to do would have been to make Shady Grove the northern limit of their MEL decades ago. The fact of the matter is that there is a specific state process in place precisely to handle this exact problem, and Rockville repeatedly left this land outside of its claim area.
Theresa Defino August 06, 2012 at 03:06 PM
Is anyone from Rockville government planning to appear at the meeting? Is there a public hearing? Has that already happened? Rockville has several hearings (and votes) before annexation proceeds on parcels it is considering.
Andrew Ross August 06, 2012 at 05:49 PM
I'm wondering who stands to benefit from this summer vacation move by G'burg? I have no idea whether this is a smart move by the City or not and how much taxes it will generate versus expenses to be incurred, as this hasn't been shared with the public. Why not take the concerns of Rockville as a reason to slow down and shed light on the decision process once people are back in town. Jamming something through in August with little public information makes me believe that Mayor and Council are repaying (or pre-paying) a favor.
Theresa Defino August 06, 2012 at 06:11 PM
Stories say Gburg went to the property owner, not vice-versa...
Andrew Ross August 06, 2012 at 06:21 PM
Katz/Sesma are as self-motivated as it gets. I bet Katz, in particular, is plotting a personal financial gain either through himself, his family, or through a business relationship. Similar to how Katz is personally holding up the re-development of Olde Towne as he holds out for a better deal on the property his family owns. Sesma will go along so Katz supports him for Mayor in a few years and the other guys have no opinion on anything.
Tom Rowse August 06, 2012 at 06:27 PM
Wow, I would love to know who BeyondDC is because they sound as or more knowledgeable about this than the Gburg mayor and council. It's always easier when you can hide behind a handle. This type of arrogant and poorly thought out conduct is par for the course from Gburg's "leadership" and is what I have come to expect. Rockville should move to annex the former Gaithersburg West area and call it Rockville North. I'm sure that would get their attention.
Vince Korsak August 06, 2012 at 07:57 PM
Oh, please. This is how we know that something makes sense, when Tom & Andrew speak out against it. Anyway, BeyondDC is no mystery for anyone who has been paying attention. That blog, owned by J. Daniel Malouff, has been a respected voice on urban planning for nearly a decade. Rockville's problem seems mostly to be that Gaithersburg didn't ask for Rockville's permission. Mayor Marcuccio even said as much - - Gaithersburg used to do what Rockville told them to do. In this context, it's hard to see what Gaithersburg loses bay having Rockville angry at them; apparently this is the cost of putting Gaithersburg's interests ahead of Rockville's.
Andrew Ross August 06, 2012 at 08:17 PM
"Vince Korsak" http://www.imdb.com/character/ch0216909/. Don't hide behind a TV detective name with your argument if you truly believe it. I thought BeyondDC's information was very reasonable (as is his article at http://greatergreaterwashington.org/dan/), but that's only part of the story - I question the logic of starting a fight with our neighbors in a less-than-forthcoming way (in August) and from my dealings with M&CC I believe they have an alterior motive.
Tom Rowse August 06, 2012 at 08:47 PM
Thanks for the info and the insult Det. Korsak. I understand what level you operate at when lashing out under an alias. Since you know for sure that this is Mr. Malouff and not someone else and you are a detective, then I'll yield to your superior knowledge. Shady Grove has been the dividing line between both cities for over a generation and this move towards annexation does not benefit either city. It just shows a lack of fair play by Gaithersburg's elected "leadership" and I have come to expect that from them..
Vince Korsak August 06, 2012 at 08:58 PM
Congratulations on figuring out what i made obvious. One does not need to look beyond your comments above to understand how vindictive you can be, so we'll leave it at "Vince". As BeyondDC pointed out, there is nothing sacred about Shady Grove, this is not the Rubicon. The process started in 2009, not August, and the property was not in Rockville's MEL back then. Has it not occurred to you that perhaps it is Rockville picking the fight?
Tom Rowse August 06, 2012 at 09:25 PM
Detective Korsak I always will use my name and will not hide behind an alias like you. The only thing that's obvious is you are a gadfly who is afraid to reveal your true identity. Thanks for the link to Mr. Malouff's article Andrew. Nice article Mr. Malouff even if I don't agree with the conflict this will cause.
Tom Moore August 07, 2012 at 07:43 PM
Dan, thanks for your thoughts on this. I agree with a lot of what you're saying; you made some excellent points about why what happened happened in your blog post on the Sears annexation: http://greatergreaterwashington.org/post/15781/annexation-war-pits-gaithersburg-against-rockville/ I'm taking that to heart. I couldn't agree more with your lesson: "Proactively plan for what you want, or lose out to someone who did." If nothing else, this whole episode has demonstrated to me that Rockville does need to be proactive in where we want our city to go, and by "we" I mean the Mayor and Council. Otherwise, over the long term, we're going to have our lunch eaten. I'll note that I, and Rockville, weren't trying to make a legal case here. Gaithersburg, as it has repeatedly insisted, was well within its legal rights. But this is not the kind of move that one makes unilaterally against a friend and a neighbor, particularly a neighbor you're stuck living next to forever! The relationship between the cities -- like most relationships -- goes well beyond legal requirements. Our residents depend on us to work together in all sorts of ways that the law doesn't require, but we need to be able to trust each other. Gaithersburg's actions here will make it far more difficult for the City of Rockville to do so in the future.
Tom Moore August 07, 2012 at 07:48 PM
Gaithersburg's mayor and council acted to advance what they thought was the best interest of their city, period. I think they made a mistake in approving this annexation, but there is no reason to question anyone's integrity here.

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